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Jainism - Religion, Beliefs, Practices, Founder, Origin, Scripture, Population & History

Religions Jainism
Founder Vardhamana Jnatiputra or Nataputta Mahavira
Symbols Swastika, Om, Ashtamangala
Name of Deities 24 Tirthankara including Lord Mahavir
Scriptures Agams or Agam Sutras
Follower Jain
Population 4.2 Million
World Population Per. 0.05%
Origin 7th–5th Century BCE
Origination The Ganges Basin of Eastern India
Denominations Digambara, Svetambara
Place of Worship Jain Temple
Holy City Shravanbela Gola (Rural), Ranakpur, Ayodhya, Pavapuri, Badami
Festivals Diwali, Mahavir Janma Kalyanak, Paryushana, Samvatsari
Leadership Jain Monks, Acharya
Languages Hindi, English, Kannada, Marathi, Marwari, Gujarati
Region India, United States

What is Jainism

Jainism is one of the three ancient religions of india, with a value system that puts nonviolence above all else. its name derives from the word 'Jina', meaning 'Liberator' or 'Victor', referring to spiritual rather than material conquest.

These twenty-four teachers were called Tirthankaras who had attained all knowledge (moksha) while living and preached it to the people. the first tirthankara was rishabnatha.
There are two jain philosophies.
1. Shvetember
2. Digamber
Digamber monks like mahavira don’t wear any clothes, but normally they don’t walk like that outside their temples. The Shvetembers monks wear white clothes and they include women.

Jain ethics and five vows

1. Ahimsa: Non-injury to a living being.
2. Satya: Do not speak a lie.
3. Asteya: Do not steal.
4. Aparigraha: Do not acquire property.
5. Brahmacharya: Observe continence.

Important Principle and Beliefs of Jainism

1. Jains believe that non-injury is the highest religion.
2. Karma is the mechanism that determines the quality of life.
3. A soul can only achieve liberation by getting rid of all the karma attached to it.
4. the soul exists forever. each soul is always independent. the soul is responsible for what it does
5. Some soul have achieved liberation from the cycle of samsara or reincarnation and are not reborn. They are called siddhas
6. Nothing in the universe is ever destroyed or created, they simply change from one form to another.
7. Fasting is very common in Jain spirituality.

Famous People of the Jainism Religion

NameProfession / Popular
Nataputta MahaviraFounder of Jainism
Gautam AdaniChairman, Adani Group
Motilal OswalCo-Founder of Motilal Oswal Financial Services Group
S. P. OswalChairman Vardhman Group
Rakesh GangwalCo-founder of Indigo Airlines
Vijay RupaniChief Minister of Gujarat
Piyush GoyalIndian Politician
Sooraj BarjatyaIndian Film Director
Sanjay Leela BhansaliIndian Film Director
Vikram SarabhaiFather of Indian Space Technology

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